Rainer Werner Fassbinder – Despair (1978)


Despair, directed by Rainer Werner Fassbinder, is a surreal screen version of Vladimir Nabokov’s novel. The excellent screenplay by Tom Stoppard brings home the wit and psychological nuances of the original story.

Germany in the early 1930s. Against the backdrop of the Nazis’ rise, Hermann Hermann, a Russian émigré and chocolate magnate, goes slowly mad. It begins with his seating himself in a chair to observe himself making love to his wife, Lydia, a zaftig empty-headed siren who is also sleeping with her cousin. Hermann is soon given to intemperate outbursts at his workers, other businessmen, and strangers. Then, he meets Felix, an itinerant laborer, whom he delusionally believes looks exactly like himself. Armed with a new life insurance policy, he hatches an elaborate plot in the belief it will free him of all his worries.

Fassbinder’s stylized rendering of this tale involves the use of surrealistic dream images and sophisticated camera techniques to illustrate the protagonists’ capitulation to fantasy. Bogarde’s performance is poised and properly enigmatic.



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